This study was carried out to investigate the size composition, growth pattern, diets, and reproductive biology of G. pelii from Abule-Eledu mangrove swamp in Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. Eastern Nigeria contains many different bodies of water. The swamp dimension is approximately 105 m 9 42 m (4,410 m2). They are identified with the mangrove swamps located around the delta region of River Niger and Cross River. Mangrove ecosystem of Nigeria is among the largest in Africa and the third largest in the world. It has tall woody trees. It The forest zone is located in the southern part of Nigeria. In Nigeria, large areas of mangroves of the Niger Delta have long been damaged by oil spill occurring regularly. Location: The Mangrove swamp forest is found in areas along the coast especially in states like Delta, Cross River, Rivers, Akwa-Ibom, Bayelsa, Ogun and Lagos. The mangrove oyster Crassostrea gasar is a regular harvest of coastal swamp areas in Nigeria. 1. It has become standard, almost ritualized, procedure, to blame the destruction of Nigeria’s mangrove swamp—and almost all other environmental problems—on the oil companies. It is sprawled around 10,000 square kilometres, from Badagry in the West to Calabar in the South. Mangrove swamps in Nigeria stretch along the entire coastline, which is characterised by high rainfall and humid conditions. At the northern part of this region is fresh water swamp. A mangrove swamp is a distinct saline woodland or shrubland habitat formed by mangrove trees in brackish tidal water. They are characterized by depositional coastal environments, where fine sediments (often with high organic content) collect in areas protected from high-energy wave action. Oyster meat fetches high prices in Europe, North America and Japan. Nigeria and in need of clear policies is the mangrove, despite its huge potential. Characteristics Of Swamp Forest 1. Saline Water Swamp This type of vegetation is limited to the coastal strip of Nigeria. It is a commitment recently made by Nigeria's Minister of State for the Environment Sharon Ikeazor. SAVANNA: The savanna zones of Nigeria is made up of grass land and is further sub-divided into three main belt The Niger River Delta is located in the southern part of Nigeria and has vegetation covering a landmass of 7.5 million ha consisting of extensive mangrove forests, brackish swamp forests, and rainforests. Forest Cover Change in Stubb 1). TROPICAL RAIN FOREST 2. The vegetation is homogenously red mangrove, Rhizophora MANGROVE ZONE (SALT WATER SWAMP) Salt water swamp is found in the coastal regions of the country. This vegetation type can be found in areas such as Sapele in Delta State Lekki and Badagry in Lagos State and other coastal areas in … Ukpong IE. The mangrove swamp links Emuoha and Kalabari. and Pachymelania aurita at the Rumuolumeni mangrove swamp creek in the Nigeria, Niger Delta sub-region. The region is known for its richness in biodiversity as well as its oil and gas resources. Tab. Figure 10. Beyond the swamp forest Mangrove forests are typical group of salt tolerant that occupy the inter-tidal zone of sheltered coasts around estuaries and lagoons. The largest extent of mangroves is found in the Niger Delta between the region of Benin River in the west and the Calabar,Rio del Rey estuary in … The Pressures Facing Nigeria’s Mangrove Ecosystem Nigeria has the largest mangrove ecosystem in Africa, and the Cross River mangrove is one of the most important in the country. Some of these are the Gulf of Guinea, Bight of Biafra, Benue River, Niger River, and Niger Delta. Apart from the coastal areas, oysters are virtually The mangrove forests of the Niger Delta in southern Nigeria will soon be restored. The Niger Delta in Nigeria is the largest wetland in Africa and the third largest mangrove forest in the world. mangrove swamp at Elibrada, Emuoha Local Government Area of Rivers State. Areas where mangroves occur include estuaries and marine shorelines. Nigeria Area under mangrove Rice swamp rice (ha) area (%) 90 O00 80 10 O00 52 64 O00 12 10 O00 20 35 O00 6 5 O00 - Rice Production 80 54 18 16 12 Source : WARDA, 1983. Mangrove swamps (mangals) are found in tropical and subtropical tidal areas. The mangrove ecosystem of the Niger Delta situated in the lower tidal floodplain includes more than 20 large estuaries and 7700 km 2 of mangrove forests, comprising more than 70% of Nigeria’s estimated 10,000 km 2 , ). Mangrove swamp Northern limitd forest Northern limits tropical rain -of savanna Total estimated mangrove forest 1000,000 ha. They require warm saline water—hence their distribution along tropical coastlines. 3. Africa - Africa - Mangrove swamp: Mangroves include a variety of species of broad-leaved, shrubby trees (10–40 feet high) that fringe muddy creeks and tidal estuaries. Along the entire coastline of Nigeria lies a belt of mangrove swamp forest from 10 to 60 miles in width, which is intersected by branches of the Niger Delta and innumerable other smaller rivers and creeks. The largest expanse of mangroves is found in the Niger Delta between the region of the Benin River in the west and the Calabar, Rio del Rey estuary in the east. Prince David Omaghomi, The Executive Director, Eco Restoration Foundation, stated this recently in Lagos while marking … Nigeria has a total land mass of 923,768sq/km; 918,768sq/kmbeing terrestrial land and 13000 sq lagbara mangrove swamp located approximately at latitude 6 720N and longitude 5 320E (Fig. Stressed swamp vegetation, showing Typha australis (i) and stunted A. germinans (ii-iii) at the middle cohabiting with Paspalum vaginatum at Berger De Motz, Lagos, Nigeria. It covers an area less than two kilometers in width. Journal of International Society for Tropical Ecology. Often they form nearly impenetrable stands, for which the easiest access is by … It is said that up to 1.5 million tons of oil has been leaked there in the past 50 years. The Central African mangroves ecoregion consists of the largest area of mangrove swamp in Africa, located on the coasts of West Africa, mainly in Nigeria. Angolan Scarp savanna and woodlands Atlantic Equatorial The mangrove ecosystems in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria play a very important ecological role while providing a variety of services for human well-being. The intertidal existence to which these trees are adapted represents the major limitation to the number of species able to thrive in their habitat. Mangrove Soils of the Creek Town, Calabar River Swamp, South Eastern Nigeria. World Bank (1998) report on land-use changes in Nigeria indicated that undisturbed forest including rainforests and savanna woodlands which Total estimated cultivated mangrove 214,000 ha.Figure 1 Distribution of mangrove swamps in West Africa This vegetation type can be found in areas such as Sapele, Lekki, and Badagry. MANGROVE SWAMP FOREST:this is made up of fresh and salt water swamp ii. The coastal areas consist of freshwater swamp, mangrove swamp, beachridges, sand bars, lagoons marshes and tidal channels. The mangrove swamp is accessible through Elibrada junction. Mangrove swamps in Nigeria stretch along the entire coast and are found in nine of the thirty six states. Ogar DA, Asuk SA, Umanah IE. Nigeria contains the most extensive mangrove ecosystem of any country in West Africa, comprising nearly 50 percent of the total mangroves of the region. However, indigenous fishing communities on the coast harvest mangrove wood for household domestic use, in particular for cooking and … 1995;36(1):103–115. About 18 percent of the area identified as mangrove falls within designated Mangrove of the Niger Delta, Nigeria is one of the most productive systems in terms of biodiversity, and ecosystem services in the world, but because of lack of data it is often not mentioned in many literatures. Estimated mangrove forest in the past 50 years terrestrial land and 13000 number of species to... 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And longitude 5 320E ( Fig able to thrive in their habitat swamp this of! Crassostrea gasar is a commitment recently made by Nigeria 's Minister of State for the Environment Ikeazor!
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