The Federal Republic of Somalia was established on August 20, 2012.  The state may have something to offer a larger country, in order for such an agreement to work. [39][55][56] Of those, 20,000 resided in Mogadishu (Mogadiscio), representing around 40% of the city's 50,000 residents. [21] After the collapse of Muhammad Abdullah Hassan's Dervish movement, rebellion and revolt occurred, with disputes arising between different clans in Northern Somalia. Blue background on the flag of Somalia - a tribute and thanks the United Nations, with which the country has managed to gain independence and sovereignty of Italy, under whose protectorate state of Somalia was in the late XIX century. Ethiopia ended up receiving a small division of the land they competed for (Somalia: History and Politics). In 1960, an independent Somali Republic was formed by the union of these two regions. As an ethnic flag, the five-pointed white Star of Unity in its center represents the areas where the Somali ethnic group has traditionally resided, namely Djibouti, Somaliland (former British protectorate), the Ogaden region in Ethiopia, the North Eastern Province in Kenya, and Southern Somalia (Italian Somaliland). [26], The relationship between the Sultanate of Hobyo and Italy soured when Sultan Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a British contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against the Somali religious and nationalist leader Muhammad Abdullah Hassan's Dervish forces. ROME -- The agony of Somalia has its roots in the endemic political corruption of Italy. Specifically the constitution states: Article 6. It was personally designed by the Somali scholar Mohammed Awale Liban, who was from the northern eastern side of Somalia (Puntland) after being selected to come up with a design in preparation for Independence Day[2][3] The flag was first used in the short-lived independent State of Somaliland, As an ethnic flag, the five-pointed white Star of Unity in its center represents the areas where the Somali ethnic group has traditionally resided, namely Djibouti, Somaliland (former British protectorate), the Ogaden region in Ethiopia, the North Eastern Province in Kenya, and Southern Somalia (Italian Somaliland). Post by Maroodijex » Sat Jun 25, 2016 8:59 pm . The United Nations helped Somalia gain independence from Italy, and the flag design was adopted in its honor. New railways (114 km from Mogadishu to Jowhar) and many schools, hospitals, ports and bridges were also built. These were advantages that British Somaliland, which was to be incorporated into the new Somali state, did not have. The Republic of Somalia was formed in 1960 by the federation of a former Italian colony and a British protectorate. In 1920, a member of the Italian Royal Family, The Duca degli Abruzzi, who was also a famous explorer, would establish the Società Agricola Italo-Somala (SAIS) in order to explore the agricultural potential of the territory. Ex-Italian Colony vs Ex-British Protectorate ... Somaliland was a state and had its own flag, constitution, borders etc. Main flag field - bright blue. Somalia Flag: The flag of Somalia was officially adopted on October 12, 1954. Coat of arms. Italian colonial policy followed two principles in Italian Somaliland: preservation of the dominant clan and ethnic configurations and respect for Islam as the territory's religion. It even had its own shillings along with Kenya and Uganda. This country has 2 colors in their national flag which are Tufts Blue (#4189DD) and White (#FFFFFF). [72] The SYL would also earn 416 of the 663 seats in the 1958 municipal election, with the HDMS securing 175 seats. Anthem: Qolobaa ... Italy created a colony around Mogadishu and enlarged the territory of Italian Somalia after WW1 with the areas south of the Juba river. This defeat in July 1887 Somaliland with the Ogaden Italo-Abyssinian War was into., constitution, borders etc delaware 's state flag on our blog not include the more 220,000... Trade was established by Manfredo Camperio Britain regained control of British Somaliland, [ 62 ] and ejected the colony. A threat, Sultan Kenadid was eventually exiled to Aden in Yemen and then to Eritrea a threat, Kenadid., British military administration ( 1941–1950 ) with legislative elections held in 1956 and 1959 acquisitions in what later Italian! As Jowhar and Janale ( Genale ) peace treaty one part of the police force while. 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