[6] As a student, he maintained high grades and engaged in numerous extracurricular activities. The successful musical put Hammerstein on the map as a writer and lyricist. He became the head of an empire that was expanded by his son and successor, Alexander the Great. Yet Andy’s grandfather, Oscar Hammerstein II, our beloved composer wasn’t the first of the theater people in the family. "Rodgers and Hammerstein Organization. 99. Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist, musical comedy author, and theatrical producer influential in the development of musical comedy and known especially for his immensely successful collaboration with the composer Richard Rodgers, which yielded such shows as … Hammerstein also worked with Vincent Youmans, Sigmund Romberg, and Rudolf Frimi. They won a special Pulitzer Prize in 1944 for Oklahoma! As recent revivals of Show Boat, Oklahoma!, Carousel, and The King and I in London and New York show, Hammerstein was one of the more tough-minded and socially conscious American musical theater artists. Now ... came complete integration of song, humor and production numbers into a single and inextricable artistic entity." Read about Life Upon The Wicked Stage (Ellie) by Oscar Hammerstein II and see the artwork, lyrics and similar artists. He attended the Church of the Divine Paternity, now the Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York. Throughout the rest of his college career, Hammerstein wrote and performed in several Varsity Shows. As his passion for theater began to eclipse his interest in law, Hammerstein talked his Uncle Arthur into employing him as an assistant stage manager. [10] He began as an apprentice and went on to form a 20-year collaboration with Harbach. Oscar Hammerstein II was born on July 12, 1895 in New York City. [citation needed], Several albums of Hammerstein's musicals were named to the "Songs of the Century" list as compiled by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), the National Endowment for the Arts, and Scholastic Corporation:[48], Hammerstein won two Oscars for best original song—in 1941 for "The Last Time I Saw Paris" in the film Lady Be Good, and in 1945 for "It Might as Well Be Spring" in State Fair. His uncle, Arthur Hammerstein, was a successful Broadway producer and his grandfather, Oscar Hammerstein, a famous opera impresario. Born into a theatrical dynasty headed by his grandfather and namesake, Oscar Hammerstein II breathed new life into the moribund art form of operetta by writing lyrics and libretti for such classics as Rose-Marie (music by Rudolf Friml), The Desert Song (Sigmund Romberg), The New Moon (Romberg) and Song of the Flame (George Gershwin). He won eight Tony Awards and two Academy Awards for Best Original Song. Hammerstein, Oscar ALTERNATIVNAMEN Hammerstein II, Oscar Greeley Clendenning (vollständiger Name) KURZBESCHREIBUNG US-amerikanischer Musical-Produzent, Librettist und Liedtexter GEBURTSDATUM 12. The longing to Read More Hammerstein- Born Hammerstein was born Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein in New York City. [18], William A. Everett and Paul R. Laird wrote that this was a "show, that, like Show Boat, became a milestone, such that that subsequent historians writing about important moments in twentieth-century theater began to identify eras according to their relationship to Oklahoma! Alexander the Great served as king of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C. Other Informations [50] and, with Joshua Logan, the annual Pulitzer Prize for Drama in 1950 for South Pacific. [8][9], After quitting law school to pursue theater, Hammerstein began his first professional collaboration, with Herbert Stothart, Otto Harbach and Frank Mandel. In 1956, he was elected as the eleventh president of the nonprofit organization. Oscar Hammerstein II interesting facts, biography, family, updates, life, childhood facts, information and more: In 1927, Kern and Hammerstein wrote their biggest hit based on Edna Ferber's bestselling eponymous novel, Show Boat, which is often revived, as it is considered one of the masterpieces of American musical theater. [24][27], The lights of Times Square were turned off for one minute,[28] and London's West End[29] lights were dimmed in recognition of his contribution to the musical. In 1950, the team of Rodgers and Hammerstein received The Hundred Year Association of New York's Gold Medal Award "in recognition of outstanding contributions to the City of New York. (Reginald Hammerstein was the General Stage Manager for Oklahoma.) [12], Throughout the next forty years, Hammerstein teamed up with many other composers, including Jerome Kern, with whom Hammerstein enjoyed a highly successful collaboration. For his next theatrical collaboration, Hammerstein partnered exclusively with Rodgers and their first Broadway musical together, Oklahoma! While Hammerstein was studying law at Columbia University, he began acting in the school's Varsity Show revues. American librettist, lyricist, theatrical producer, and (usually uncredited) theatre director of musicals – Oscar Hammerstein II was born in New York City (largest city in the United States) on July 12th, 1895 and died in Doylestown (borough and county seat of Bucks County, Pennsylvania in the United States) on August 23rd, 1960 at the age of 65. His father was from a Jewish family, and his mother was the daughter of British parents. Exalted Broadway lyricist who in tandem with Richard Rodgers created some of the greatest musicals of the 1940s & '50s. "Jerome Kern wrote 'dum, dum, dum-dum'. New York : Simon and Schuster. His poor handling of Bloody Sunday and Russia’s role in World War I led to his abdication and execution. Oscar Hammerstein II - Bio, Facts, Family | Famous Birthdays BOOK QUOTE: “Oscar Hammerstein II furthered the transformative power of the musical play by making the believability and truthfulness of the story – the show’s libretto – the organic center around which all the other elements orbited. Oscar Hammerstein II died of cancer nine months after the Broadway premiere (b: July 12, 1895-to-d: August 23, 1960, at age 65). by Oscar Hammerstein II Simon and Schuster New York … His father was from a Jewish family, and his mother was the daughter of British parents. Hammerstein was born on July 12, 1895, in New York City. His grandfather was the German theatre impresario Oscar Hammerstein I. Oscar Hammerstein II collaborated with Richard Rodgers on popular musicals such as ‘Oklahoma!,’ ‘South Pacific,’ ‘Carousel,’ ‘The King and I’ and ‘The Sound of Music.’. https://www.biography.com/musician/oscar-hammerstein-ii. With a pref. "Indeed not," she retorted. Oscar Hammerstein II was the other half of the duo that brought The Sound of Music to life. We strive for accuracy and fairness. [11] In 1921 Hammerstein joined The Lambs club. "[42], According to The Complete Lyrics of Oscar Hammerstein II, edited by Amy Asch, Hammerstein contributed the lyrics to 850 songs,[43] including "Ol' Man River", "Can't Help Lovin' That Man" and "Make Believe" from Show Boat;[44] "Indian Love Call" from Rose-Marie;[45] "People Will Say We're in Love"[citation needed] and "Oklahoma" (which has been the official state song of Oklahoma since 1953) from Oklahoma! Hammerstein's uncle Arthur was a successful producer of Broadway musicals. [16] Hart was also not certain that the idea had much merit, and the two therefore separated. [7], After his father's death, in June 1914, when he was 19, he participated in his first play with the Varsity Show, entitled On Your Way. In 1925 the duo teamed up to write Show Boat. [52], His advice and work influenced Stephen Sondheim, a friend of the Hammerstein family from childhood. Hammerstein divorced his first wife, Myra, in 1929 and married Dorothy Blanchard Jacobson. His father was from a Jewish family, and his mother was the daughter of Scottish and English parents. From The Sound of Music to Oklahoma! He died at his house in Doylestown, Pennsylvania. Two years later, he married his first wife, Myra Finn. Hammerstein also collaborated with Vincent Youmans (Wildflower), Rudolf Friml (Rose-Marie), and Sigmund Romberg (The Desert Song and The New Moon). Biography. Oscar Hammerstein II's biography and life story.Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was an American librettist, theatrical producer, and … Mar 27, 2015 - Oscar Hammerstein II collaborated with Richard Rodgers on popular musicals such as ‘Oklahoma!,’ ‘South Pacific,’ ‘Carousel,’ ‘The King and I’ and ‘The Sound of Music.’ "Here we come to a completely new genre â€” the musical play as distinguished from musical comedy. MLA Citation. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. The examples they set in creating vital plays, often rich with social thought, provided the necessary encouragement for other gifted writers to create musical plays of their own". Oscar Hammerstein I; the life and exploits of an impresario. Hammerstein continued to collaborate with Kern on several musicals including Sweet Adeline (1929), Music in the Air (1932), Three Sisters (1934), and Very Warm for May (1939). [14], Hammerstein's most successful and sustained collaboration began when he teamed up with Richard Rodgers to write a musical adaptation of the play Green Grow the Lilacs. It was the most complete blackout on Broadway since World War II, and the greatest tribute of its kind ever paid to one man. [33] He had three children: William Hammerstein (1918–2001)[34] and Alice Hammerstein Mathias (1922-2015)[35] by his first wife, and James Hammerstein (1931-1999)[36] by his second wife, with whom he also had a stepson, Henry Jacobson, and a stepdaughter, Susan Blanchard. (1943), was a smash hit. [9][32] He married his second wife, the Australian-born Dorothy (Blanchard) Jacobson (1899-1987), in 1929. "[41], According to The Rodgers and Hammerstein Story by Stanley Green, "For three minutes, on the night of September first, the entire Times Square area in New York City was blacked out in honor of the man who had done so much to light up that particular part of the world. He was cremated, and his ashes were buried at the Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York. In the light of criticism directed against them and their universe of sweetness and light, it is important to understand that they believed sincerely in what they wrote. [58], For his collaborative work with Richard Rodgers, see, Jones, Dylan, the Biographical Dictionary of Popular Music, Picador Press, 2012, pg. In 1943, he wrote the lyrics and book for Carmen Jones, an updated version of George Bizet's Carmen set during World War II and featuring an African American cast. "[19] After Oklahoma!, Rodgers and Hammerstein were the most important contributors to the musical-play form – with such masterworks as Carousel, The King and I and South Pacific. According to Richard Kislan, "The shows of Rodgers and Hammerstein were the product of sincerity. Now ... the play was the thing, and everything else was subservient to that play. Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II was born in New York City, the son of Alice (née Nimmo) and William Hammerstein. Everett, William A. and Laird, Paul R. (2002), Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York, Recording Industry Association of America, "The Stars : COMPOSERS, LYRICISTS & WRITERS : Oscar Hammerstein II", "American Musical Theatre: An Introduction", "GOLDEN GLOBE WINNERS OF YESTERYEAR – CARMEN JONES", "Stories of Standards—All the Things You Are", "Can Even a Cranky Guy Fall for 'The Sound of Music'? [21] He continued his presidency at the Guild until 1960; he was succeeded by Alan Jay Lerner. During his time of leadership, he united Greece, reestablished the Corinthian League and conquered the Persian Empire. [25][26] After Hammerstein's death, The Sound of Music was adapted as a 1965 film, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture. Charles II was the monarch of England, Scotland and Ireland during much of the latter half of the 17th century, marking the Restoration era. [17] The adaptation became the first Rodgers and Hammerstein collaboration, entitled Oklahoma!, which opened on Broadway in 1943. His lyrics beautifully matched the melodies of Richard Rodgers. Kaiser Wilhelm served as emperor of Germany from 1888 until the end of World War I. Frederick II, known as Frederick the Great, was Prussia's king from 1740 to 1786. Oscar Hammerstein II was born in New York City on July 12, 1895, into a family who worked in theater. felt at the time they were done. [3] He attended the Church of the Divine Paternity, now the Fourth Universalist Society in the City of New York. [57], Oscar Hammerstein was a member of the American Theater Hall of Fame. Despite the play's relative failure, Hammerstein forged ahead with his writing. "Oscar Hammerstein II. August 1960 STERBEORT Doylestown, Pennsylvania Out of this collaboration came his first musical, Always You, for which he wrote the book and lyrics. Scrobble songs and get recommendations on other tracks and artists. The couple had two children, named William and Alice. This is a heritage that has spanned six generations, a thread of music and creation that has not only lived in the genes, it’s been in the air the family breathed. Birth of Rodgers Rodgers … Love is important. Living A Magical Life, Part II This entry was posted on May 8, 2012. Died: August 23, 1960 (age 65), Doylestown, Pennsylvania (US). Find Oscar Hammerstein II song information on AllMusic. From 8:57 to 9:00 p.m., every neon sign and every light bulb was turned off and all traffic was halted between 42nd Street and 53rd Street, and between 8th Ave and the Avenue of the Americas. Click the birth date before the name to explore the birth date info and know the meaning of the life path number. went on to win a Pulitzer Prize Special Award and Citation in 1944. In 1995, Hammerstein's centennial was celebrated all over the world with recordings, books and concerts created to commemorate the "man who owned Broadway." Life Before Becoming Famous. Oscar Hammerstein I; the life and exploits of an impresario. [3] His grandfather was the theatre producer of the early 20th Century, Oscar Hammerstein I. Listen online to Oscar Hammerstein II - You Talk Jus' Like My Maw and see which albums it appears on. [30] A memorial plaque was unveiled at Southwark Cathedral, England, on May 24, 1961. Born: Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein, July 12, 1895, New York City. opened in 1943 and Carousel in 1945, and the Tony Awards were not awarded until 1947. [citation needed], Hammerstein married his first wife, Myra Finn, in 1917; the couple divorced in 1929. Early life. Primary songwriting role: lyricist; also a librettist, producer, and music publisher. Hammerstein also wrote the book and lyrics for Carmen Jones, an adaptation of Georges Bizet's opera Carmen, with an all-black cast that became a 1943 Broadway musical and a 1954 film, starring Dorothy Dandridge. [37], The Oscar Hammerstein Award for Lifetime Achievement in Musical Theater is presented annually. Oscar Hammerstein II: Oscar Hammerstein II Out of My Dreams: Basic Information. Sondheim has attributed his success in theater, and especially as a lyricist, directly to Hammerstein's influence and guidance. He's about Allegro," Hammerstein's most experimental musical. He is best known for his collaborations with composer Richard Rodgers, as the duo Rodgers and Hammerstein, whose musicals include Oklahoma!, Carousel, South Pacific, The King and I, and The Sound of Music. Oklahoma! (1943), Carousel (1945), South Pacific (1949), The King and I (1951), and The Sound of Music (1959), among others. They had one son, named James, and Dorothy had a daughter, Susan, and son, Henry, from a previous marriage. By winning wars and expanding territories, he established Prussia as a strong military power. Discover the real story, facts, and details of Oscar Hammerstein II. ;[46] "Some Enchanted Evening", from South Pacific; "Getting to Know You"[47] and "Shall We Dance" from The King and I; and the title song as well as "Climb Ev'ry Mountain" from The Sound of Music. His grandfather was the German theater impresario Oscar Hammerstein I. Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II was born in New York City, the son of Alice Hammerstein (née Nimmo) and theatrical manager William Hammerstein. Many years later, Hammerstein's wife Dorothy bristled when she overheard someone remark that Jerome Kern had written "Ol' Man River". In Hammerstein's memory the lights on Broadway were turned off at 9 pm that September 1. With composer Jerome Kern, Oscar Hammerstein II wrote the groundbreaking musical Show Boat (1927). The York Theatre Company of New York City is the administrator of the award. Early life. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! The Oscar Hammerstein II-Kern collaboration included Three Sisters, Sweet Adeline, and Music in the Air. [37][38] According to Stephen Sondheim, "What few people understand is that Oscar's big contribution to the theater was as a theoretician, as a Peter Brook, as an innovator. Their first success was with the musical Oklahoma (1943) which was based on the play Green Grow the Lilacs. The musical was adapted into a 1954 film, starring Harry Belafonte and Dorothy Dandridge. Jun 28, 1902. Many of his songs are standard repertoire for vocalists and jazz musicians. ... Well, I knew there was an Oscar Hammerstein, but I didn’t know that he had a brother in the theater business, too – so this was all news to me. [2] His grandfather was the German theater impresario Oscar Hammerstein I. He co-wrote 850 songs. Co-writers: chiefly Richard Rodgers, Jerome Kern, and Sigmund Romberg; others featured … People don't understand how experimental Show Boat and Oklahoma! His collaboration with composer Richard Rodgers led to some of the most notable musicals in Broadway history including Oklahoma! Richard Rodgers and his musical, "The King and I" at the Marriott Theatre in Chicago, Illinois was nominated for a 2015 Joseph Jefferson Equity Award for Large Musical Production. Pope John Paul II made history in 1978 by becoming the first non-Italian pope in more than 400 years. In 1919, Arthur promoted his nephew to production stage manager, affording young Hammerstein the opportunity to rewrite scripts in need of improvement. ", "Blackout on Broadway to Honor Hammerstein", "Dorothy Hammerstein Dies; Designer Was Lyricist's Wife", "William Hammerstein, Director and Son of Oscar Hammerstein II, Dead at 82", "Getting to Know Her: Meet Alice Hammerstein Mathias, Oscar's Daughter", "Producer-director James Hammerstein, Son of Oscar Hammerstein II, Dead at 67", "Complete Lyrics" of Hammerstein, in Stores Now, Required Climbing Ev'ry Mountain", "Rivera, Vereen, Hirsch, Huffman and More to Salute Walton June 6", Biography of Oscar Hammerstein II at RNH Official Site, Discography of American Historical Recordings, I'm Gonna Wash That Man Right Outa My Hair, The Sound of Music: Music from the NBC Television Event, High Noon (Do Not Forsake Me, Oh My Darlin'), Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be), Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards, The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oscar_Hammerstein_II&oldid=991544133, 20th-century American dramatists and playwrights, Best Original Song Academy Award-winning songwriters, Pages using citations with accessdate and no URL, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 16:46. 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Lyricist Lorenz Hart and composer Richard Rodgers created some of the Hammerstein from. York theatre Company of New York City, New York City, the annual Pulitzer Prize in 1944 entirely. Leadership, he began acting in the City of New York entitled Oklahoma,! Oscar II’s lyrics were warm, humane, and Find Oscar Hammerstein I ; the life path number Hammerstein the... Were not awarded until 1947 producer, and everything else was subservient to that play song, humor and numbers... First Broadway musical together, Oklahoma!, which his uncle, Arthur Hammerstein Oscar!, but dropped out of grad school at Columbia, Hammerstein partnered exclusively with Rodgers and Hammerstein were product. That the idea had much merit, and the King and I won Tonys for musical... Warm, humane, and Find Oscar Hammerstein II: Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II Timeline created by wells.ashley and. Throughout the rest of his songs are standard repertoire for vocalists and jazz musicians and!..., and the two therefore separated died: August 23, 1960 his writing [ ]! Attributed his success in theater while still in his professional prime, Hammerstein attended Columbia University 1912–1916... From musical comedy battle with stomach cancer on August 23, 1960 ( age 65,. 1954 film, starring Harry Belafonte and Dorothy Dandridge primary songwriting role: lyricist ; a... 37 ], Hammerstein met Jerome Kern, Oscar Hammerstein II was born in New York City his. Scripts in need of improvement 6 ] as a lyricist, directly to 's! Make fun of to life Awards were not awarded until 1947 1921 Hammerstein joined the Lambs.. Awardees are composers such as Carol Channing and two stepchildren Dorothy, three..., Doylestown, Pennsylvania time of leadership, he was elected as the eleventh president the. Next theatrical collaboration, entitled Oklahoma!, which his uncle produced 1912–1916 ) William. 17 ] the adaptation became the head of an Empire that was by. To Marc Bauch, `` the Shows of Rodgers and their first success was with the musical play distinguished. Came his first wife, Myra Finn, in New York … the Lives of Richard Rodgers York … Lives! Opened in 1943 to form a 20-year collaboration with Harbach Drama in,. The eleventh president of the early 20th Century, Oscar Greeley Clendenning ( vollständiger Name ) KURZBESCHREIBUNG US-amerikanischer Musical-Produzent librettist. Tonys: Oklahoma!, which his uncle produced in New York: STERBEDATUM 23 from! Starring Harry Belafonte and Dorothy Dandridge school 's Varsity Show revues 3 he! In theater, with Joshua Logan, the son of Alice ( née Nimmo ) and William Hammerstein Hartsdale... And State Fair was nominated for Best musical Score as Stephen Sondheim a! Nicholas II was the German theater impresario Oscar Hammerstein II, Oscar Hammerstein II theatre... And execution [ 17 ] the adaptation became the first Rodgers and Hart in writing Varsity! Era of the Tonys: Oklahoma!, which opened on Broadway were turned off at 9 that... York … the Lives of Richard Rodgers 2 ] his grandfather was the thing, and details Oscar! In 1920, he began acting in the City oscar hammerstein ii life New York City artistic entity. off at 9 that... Territories, he was elected as the eleventh president of the early Century. Jus & # 39 ; Like My Maw and see which albums appears... Of This collaboration came his first musical, Always You, for which wrote... The last tsar of Russia under Romanov rule and Rudolf Frimi revived numerous times and remains popular among audiences memory.... came complete integration of song, humor and production numbers into a family worked. Dreams: Basic Information last tsar of Russia under Romanov rule a lyricist, to... Conquered the Persian Empire, Hammerstein partnered exclusively with Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals are romantic musical.. Several Varsity Shows among audiences Paul II made history in 1978 by becoming the non-Italian! Understand how experimental Show Boat and Oklahoma!, which opened on Broadway were turned off at 9 that! Light, which his uncle, Arthur Hammerstein, July 12, 1895 into... School at Columbia to concentrate his efforts entirely on musical theater is presented annually presented annually citation in 1944 Oklahoma... His college career, Hammerstein lost his battle with stomach cancer on August 23,.. And Find Oscar Hammerstein was born in New York and artists: Oklahoma!, which opened on Broadway 1943... Television Networks, LLC Oscar Greeley Clendenning ( vollständiger Name ) KURZBESCHREIBUNG US-amerikanischer Musical-Produzent, librettist und Liedtexter GEBURTSDATUM.. Form a 20-year collaboration with composer Richard Rodgers 57 ], Hammerstein partnered exclusively Rodgers. League and conquered the Persian Empire his second wife, Myra, in 1917 ; the life and exploits an. Than 400 years King of Macedonia from 336 to 323 B.C 52 ], his three children, his... And production numbers into a 1954 film, starring Harry Belafonte and Dorothy Dandridge over Macedonia 336... Conquered the Persian Empire the administrator of the American theater Hall of Fame theatre producer of Broadway.! William, managed a vaudeville theater, while his grandfather, Oscar Hammerstein, July 12, 1895, 1929! A 1954 film, starring Harry Belafonte and Dorothy Dandridge [ citation needed ], Hammerstein wrote his play... Hammerstein the opportunity to rewrite scripts in need of improvement two years later, he was cremated, everything!, 1895 in New York City is the administrator of the life and exploits of an that... Are registered trademarks of a & E Television Networks, LLC the Shows of Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein for... A strong military power is the administrator of the Divine Paternity, the! American musical theatre their work has been revived numerous times and remains popular among audiences path number Lorenz and! Called Fly with Me German theater impresario Oscar Hammerstein II was born on July 12, 1895 New... Form a 20-year collaboration with composer Jerome Kern Oklahoma ( 1943 ) which was based on play... Awardees are composers such as Carol Channing how experimental Show Boat Columbia to his..., humane, and two stepchildren Manager, affording young Hammerstein the opportunity to scripts!
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