Thus a clearly stated instructional objective makes the methods and materials of teaching more effective. It involves teaching methods like lecture, structured overview, explicit teaching, drill & practice, compare & contrast, demonstrations, didactic questioning, guided and shared teaching etc. Accelerate Your Learning & Acquire Any New Skill... Fast! Effective strategies available for students across grade levels, different subjects etc. While particular methods are often associated with certain strategies, some methods may be … Instructional strategies and learning styles: which Instructional Models. Independent study focuses on essays, journals & reports, homework, research projects, assignments etc. Regardless of the different names and types of instruction strategies, the main objective of all methods is to provide an objective-based learning platform to the students. Instructional strategies enable students to focus their attention, organize their learning material for better understanding and help teachers to provide a suitable platform for strategic learning. of a pedagogic strategy as defined may make use of different teaching strategies or methods. Teachers must be equipped with a well-rounded arsenal of effective instructional strategies to maximize their effectiveness and to increase student learning opportunities. Instructional strategies can also be completely customized, meaning that they can be tweaked and configured to fit any situation. This highly interactive strategy involves discussion and sharing amongst students, explores their higher-thinking process and gives opportunity to develop social skills. It’s not only important to decide on ‘what to teach’ but we must also give attention to ‘how to teach’. Here, the content needs to be prepared and organized in advance. Also, the faculty needs to be aware of student requirements for the lessons or sessions. Instructional Strategies answer these very questions, exploring the best suited environments in which the students can enhance their self-learning abilities and become strategic learners. Students participate in the activities, reflect and share their experiences, analyse and infer the solutions and formulate plans to apply their learning in new situations. how to make experiential learning more effective for young kids, This course can help you groom them for exam excellence, How to Become a Project Manager: A Step-by-Step Guide. This is a great way to cause students to lose focus and lose interest in learning. These strategies become learning strategies when students independently select the appropriate ones and use them effectively to accomplish tasks or meet goals. Experiential learning involves field trips, narratives, experiments & simulations, games, storytelling, role-playing, model building etc. It also ensures that students will likely be exposed to strategies that align with their preferred individualized learning style. Create an online video course, reach students across the globe, and earn money. Many instructional strategies embrace this and feature components that ensure learning is fun and engaging. Instructional strategies focus on not only the educational content but also on the method and environment of the teaching process. Participants will demonstrate their mastery of instructional techniques through the design and online delivery of a lesson. 1. Therefore, the selection of a strategy is critical and must be done with utmost care by teachers in coordination with their students. Effective instructional strategies meet all learning styles and the developmental needs of all learners. This ultimately helps them learn more. Students are viewed as “empty vessels” External link who passively receive knowledge from their teachers through lectures and direct instruction, with an end goal of positive results from testing and assessment. Unlike the direct strategy, Indirect Instruction is more student-oriented and you can use it to complement the direct instruction methods. Learning objectives/ targets are clear and specific, Students are made aware of content’s importance, Effective for teaching basic skills and facts, Commonly used and accepted method of teaching, Can also be used to introduce other teaching methods, Doesn’t explore the creativity of teachers and students, Needs good organization and communication skills from the teacher, Highly structured, thereby steps need to be followed correctly in order, Depends on knowledge and skills of teacher, Fails to address development of higher-level thinking in students, Encourages them to solve problems by themselves, Encourages student involvement and greater exploration of solutions, Allows students to apply their newly acquired knowledge and skills, Not very effective for elementary level students, Time constraints may cut down discussion opportunities, Teacher needs to be better prepared in handling questions and give proper instructions, Needs to be relevant to the students’ needs, Presents the problem situation in creative ways to generate interest, Improves team building skills and group interaction & coordination, Encourages self-investigation, acceptance of others’ point of view and exploring solutions. Instructional strategies include all approaches that a teacher may take to engage students in the learning process actively. They equip teachers to make learning fun and help students to awaken their desire to learn. When a teacher varies activities, changes them up, and uses a wide range of instructional strategies students stay engaged. You also need to have back-up plans for activities in case of problems. It provides insights about what is likely to happen and why with respect to different kinds of teaching and learning activities while helping indicate approaches for their evaluation. Instructional strategies enhance instruction and boost learning. techniques used by educators plus learning and development professionals to instruct and teach students and train workers Students learn best when instruction is: Primal Learning - Join the Top 1% Fastest Learners, Infinite Mind: Acquire Photographic Memory & Become a Genius, Superhuman learning strategy (TM): Memorize like a computer, Learning 2 Master: Strategies & Methods to Perform Better, End Game: The Ultimate Accelerated Learning System. Instructional Strategies We know that students learn best when they are truly engaged in what they are learning, when they have the opportunity to explore, debate, discuss, examine, defend, and experiment with the concepts and skills they are ready to learn. As instructional designers we typically speak at the macro level of our craft (learning theory, instructional design models, and processes), but many in my experience use their intuition in the actual practice, learned and developed from their experiences, rather than explicit instructional methods; they just know what works. Create Learning Stations. As a teacher, you must evaluate these criteria before you adopt a certain strategy that suits your teaching style as well as the requirements of your students! Derrick Meador, M.Ed., is the superintendent for Jennings Public Schools in Oklahoma. This course on classroom management strategies can help you identify which instructional strategies might be best for your environment. Bring dull academic concepts to life with visual and practical learning experiences, helping your students to understand how their schooling applies in the real-world.Examples include using the interactive whiteboard to display photos, audio clips and videos, as well as encouraging your students to get out of their seats with classroom experiments and local field trips. Photoshop vs Illustrator: Which Work Best for You? instruction and to review the roles of motivation, instruction, and discipline in classroom management. These methods are designed by the teachers carefully to address the specific requirements of a group. For the most part, they promote passive learning—students are required to memorize information from the text, lecture, or video. When a teacher uses the same strategy over and over again, it becomes boring to students. It encourages students to be more involved – by observing, questioning, problem solving, forming inferences etc., students can explore their desire to learn. Instructional Strategies. Instructional design is the creation of learning experiences and materials in a manner that results in the acquisition and application of knowledge and skills.The discipline follows a system of assessing needs, designing a process, developing materials and evaluating their effectiveness. It’s more about the process of learning rather than focusing on the content. Students latch onto content that is packaged in an interesting and engaging way. Exit tickets. Traditional teaching methods usually revolved around the teacher explaining a particular topic and students taking down notes that would help them in their studies. Activity 4: Instructional Planning (35 minutes) - to give collaborative teams a brief overview of effective, research-based instructional strategies that can be used to meet the learning and behavioral needs of students in a diverse classroom. In many cases, how you present the content is more important than what you present. Like any other strategy, the Instructional Design strategy begins with setting up clear goals, determining the actions that must be taken to meet these goals, and making use of a variety of resources, techniques, and devices to achieve these goals. Students are encouraged to undertake a planned activity under the supervision of a teacher or guide. In education, louder than the call for innovation, engagement, thought, or self-direction is the call to be research-based. Teachers are best served when they utilize a variety of instructional strategies as opposed to one or two. Teaching strategies, for all practical purposes, means the same thing. Instructional Methods Methods are used by teachers to create learning environments and to specify the nature of the activity in which the teacher and learner will be involved during the lesson. For the ECS 303 course a small group of colleagues and I were given inquiry-based learning to study more in-depth. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, How Dynamic Formative Assessment Can Improve Student Learning, How Teachers Can Build a Trusting Relationship With Their Principal, A Detailed Break Down of a Teacher's Job Description, 6 Teaching Strategies to Differentiate Instruction, Strategies for Teachers to Maximize Student Learning Time, 10 Questions to Ask Yourself to Design Your Educational Philosophy, Strategies for Teachers to Develop Positive Relationships With Students, What You Will Find in the Ideal Classroom, Strategies for Teachers: The Power of Preparation and Planning, What Teachers Do Beyond the Classroom When No One Is Looking, Creating a Great Lesson to Maximize Student Learning, 4 Tips for Effective Classroom Management, 7 Ways to Take Control of Your Classroom to Reduce Student Misbehavior, M.Ed., Educational Administration, Northeastern State University, B.Ed., Elementary Education, Oklahoma State University. Sometimes you get into groups to work on an assignment. Teachers should put their own creative spin on these instructional strategies to make them their own. An instructional strategy is a high-level plan of how a subject must be taught. Likewise, when students are exposed to a variety of instructional strategies it broadens the scope of how they learn — essentially giving them multiple ways to process and learn new information. A lack of a great delivery system will fail to make connections with even the most interesting content. This course can help you groom them for exam excellence. Learning Strategies for Exam: Brain Training, Improve Memory, Become A Learning Machine 2.0: Read 300 Books This Year, Become a SuperLearner® 2: Learn Speed Reading & Boost Memory, Become A Learning Machine: How To Read 300 Books This Year, Instructional Strategies: Find the Best Approach to Encourage Independent Learning, Involves step-by-step learning process with a number of innovative approaches, Supports students with guided and independent practice, modelling and handling real-life situations, Gives platform to students to display their skills, ideas and their existing knowledge on a particular subject, Encourages students to self-monitor and assess their learning. This instructional strategy involves concepts like problem solving, case studies, inquiry, reflective discussion, concept formation, mapping and attainment, writing to inform, reading for meaning etc. Not every instructional strategy will be the perfect fit for every situation, so teachers must become adept at evaluating which strategy will be the best fit. Types of Teaching Strategies Direct Instruction Indirect Instruction Experiential Learning Independent Study Interactive Instruction Take this course to learn more on how to teach with technology. There are five identified instructional models that teachers alternate between depending on the goals and audience of the lesson. Flipping your classroom is one of the most popular forms of active learning and among the most... 3.3. Instructional Technique Definitions. You may then present your work to the teacher as a group or write your answers down in an essay as homewo… Marzano’s 9 Instructional Strategies For Teaching And Learning. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Two teachers can be using the same instructional strategy completely differently based on their own individual preferences and needs. As a student, you may have noticed that you do different activities in different classes. Visual Learning Tools. Students take part in debates, brainstorming sessions, laboratory groups, interviewing, conferencing, jigsaw, cooperative learning and more. Provide different types of content by setting up learning stations — divided … This article outlines several useful teaching methods. Over time, they become more effective at not only finding great instructional strategies but also with implementing them into their class. Below are pdf files of the FC Cosmetology Prerequisite Challenge form & Instructional Techniques and Pivot Point Instruction Information. Instructional strategies are techniques teachers use to help students become independent, strategic learners. What follows the list is some explanation of each strategy/approach, along with related strategies/approaches where applicable. With science and technology growing at breakneck speed, isn’t it time for educationists to adopt new teaching methods and tools? Instructional strategies provide a delivery mechanism for presenting great content. Take this course to learn more on how to teach with technology. The traditional instructional methods are not especially flexible, nor do they provide students with many options for accessing content. Print and complete the Prerequisite Challenge form and bring with you a copy of your current valid license and a current resume to satisfy verification of at least four years of salon experience. Demonstration This method calls for teaching strategies that establish conditions,... (e.g. Inquiry-Based Learning . These strategies drive a teacher's instruction as they work to meet specific learning objectives and ensure that their students are equipped with the tools they need to be successful. There are hundreds of … In fact, being research-based may even trump being data … As a teacher you would need to plan the process of feedback collection, monitor performance and provide the appropriate resources for independent study. As teachers, we change our instruction frequently to meet the needs of our students. Regardless of what we call such processes, they are primarily descriptions of the learning objective-oriented activities and flow of … Active learning instructional strategies 3.1. Experiential Learning focuses more on activities and requires the students to apply their experience to other contexts. Other times you read quietly to yourself or aloud in class and then discuss with your classmates. What it is: Explicit instruction is a way of teaching that makes the learning process completely clear for students. 5 Ways to Boost Student Learning Instructional strategies provide a delivery mechanism for presenting great content. Today, schools, colleges and university boards are exploring various options that will encourage self-learning, enhance student curiosity and expand their knowledge. Instructional Strategies are proven to benefit the students with their powerful features such as: There’s been a lot of research in this area and it has been found that students develop their own system of understanding. Many of the instructional activities in the first section can be implemented by course TAs, … Popular instructional strategies include cloze reading, cooperative learning, hands-on learning activities, scaffolding, group instruction, self-assessment, thematic instruction, and word walls. Discipline: Instructional Design is that branch of knowledge concerned with research and theory about instructional strategies and the process for developing and implementing those strategies. Instructional strategies are the techniques instructors use to deliver training. One major hurdle independent study students face is preparation for exams. Instructional strategies provide teachers with the flexibility necessary to meet, Instructional strategies can make teaching and learning fun. Instructional methods and teaching methods mean the same thing. Instructional strategies should provide effective and productive learning by adapting to the learning styles and other needs of each learner actively engaging learners in the learning process With explicit instruction, you model a skill and verbalize your thinking process, using clear and concise language. We shall discuss the different strategies and their main benefits and challenges in our following sections. Quickly grabs attention and keeps the students focused, Shy or self-conscious students may not take an active role, Immediate negative feedback can lead to demotivation, Could be time consuming and difficult to arrange, Distractions could lead to ineffectiveness and may lose focus on the subject, Efficiency depends on teacher’s ability to be impartial, creative and friendly, Since students find solutions to problems independently, the skills and knowledge acquired are retained easily, Enhances their rate of learning, adaptability and self-reliance, Gives opportunity for a disciplined approach to problem solving and improves their confidence, Not effective for elementary level students and complex subjects that need detailed explanation, Requires self-motivation and group skills, Unavailability of resources can hamper progress, Needs efficient planning and monitoring from the teacher, Encourages equal participation by students, creative & logical thinking, Improves concepts of responsibility and team cooperation, Activities lead to a stimulating and enriching experience for the students, Students learn to be patient, compassionate with others and understand different opinions, Sharing of knowledge and experiences leads to enhanced learning, Some students may not be comfortable sharing their experiences and might feel less competent, Brighter or aggressive students might overshadow the efforts of the group, Needs to have a fixed time-frame, else might lose focus, Value of learning depends on students’ capabilities and skills. Methods of Instruction! Academic vocabulary and language 26. This course discusses in depth the challenges faced in re-inventing the current school model. Before the students leave class, ask them to write down an answer to a question relating to a key... 3.2. Choosing the right methodology depends on the age, development level of the student, subject context and situation at hand. Let's learn more about these five instructional models. These strategies help students to walk on the path of independent learning and become strategic learners. Below is a list of 49 instructional strategies, or approaches, that have been adapted with the working groups of the Washoe County School District. When teachers are continuously exploring and tweaking their delivery system, a beautiful thing happens. The Direct Instruction teaching strategy mainly focuses on teacher-directed approaches and is the most commonly used teaching method. 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